The dog and communication: how to get along with the dog
Dogs are very good communicators. They speak a language very similar to ours. Like humans, through their body and with their voice, they transmit moods and emotions: joy, sadness, affection, anger, anger or tenderness. If we want to talk to our dog, it is a matter of observing him and opening his mind.
The dog uses the same language to communicate with us as with its peers. For example, their growls convey a lot of information to us about their mood. They can express fear or anger and not always aggressiveness. The howls indicate loneliness and a way to summon the pack, as their ancestors, the wolves, do. The moans reveal physical pain or nervousness.
The moans emitted by a puppy can be a symptom of pleasure, but in an adult animal they denote fear, discomfort or a way of demanding something, such as attention. As for the barks, when they are sharp and irregular, they indicate doubt. But if the dog is relaxed, the barks convey joy.
The dog transmits a lot of information to us, it is a matter of knowing how to see, hear and observe. And the more we do it and the more time we spend with our dog, the better we will understand him and know how to decipher how much he tells us. Dogs use visual, tactile, auditory and olfactory channels to communicate. People also use them, but our main means of communication is verbal, however through this channel, the dog receives less information. The animal does not decipher the meaning of the words, but of their intonation, rhythm and intensity of their tone of voice. At the same time, the dog obtains information from: the body posture, the gestures or the look of the person trying to communicate with him.
Coherence between words and gestures
For the dog to understand what is intended to convey to him, he must perceive coherence between what his owner says with words and the gestures, looks and intonation he uses when speaking. And conversely, if we want to know what the dog wants to tell us, we must pay attention to the visual, auditory, tactile and olfactory signals that it sends us.
More than gestures
Another way of communicating by the dog is to show his teeth; the message he transmits is: “I am very angry, you better stay away.” If he raises his leg, it means “give me something” or “don’t worry, I’ll do what you say.”
When it scratches the ground with its paw, without actually digging, it also wants to attract attention, because it demands something. Licking is the way to express deep love and friendship. If a dog licks you, it recognizes you as the leader of the pack. If he lies on his back, he shows confidence, and looks for games and caresses.
The dog’s tail is one of the most visible parts of its body and with which it best transmits information to humans and other peers, even over long distances. If he is in motion, he indicates that he is happy and seeks conversation, physical contact and closeness. When he remains standing and inhiesta, he is not in the mood for many friends and is prepared to be very angry. If the tail is between the legs it means submission. That is to say: “I am all yours and I will do what you send me.”
Dogs begin to use this communication system at a young age, around eight weeks. Before the year, the dog has fully acquired its communication system. She will make herself understood without problems with her peers and will understand what they want to say to her. As for their owners, by looking at them, you will know what their state of mind is.
Dogs need to complete their socialization process in the company of their mother and siblings up to at least eight weeks of age. With them you will learn through play and coexistence the basic rules of coexistence with your peers, which will also give you the guideline to interact with your human family.
Developing their social facet is essential and, when they cannot develop it and are isolated or have been separated before their time from their mother and the rest of the litter, they develop behavior problems. Due to the domestication process, since the animal is a puppy, it has the ability to integrate into its human family. The dog considers its owners as members of its pack and uses behavior patterns similar to those used with its peers.
It is enough to spend some time observing the dog to learn its way of communicating. When it is achieved, the relationship and coexistence with the animal is much more satisfactory and the bonds of friendship are strengthened.