Stem care of Brazil
All plants take particular care to stay in good condition. Although there are some common features between them, there are differences between them that require knowing their characteristics and needs. For example, if you want to have a plant of tropical origin at home, you will have to delve even deeper into it to create the best possible environment.
Among the different tropical plants that you can have at home is the trunk of Brazil. It is a plant suitable for indoors and vertical growth that, although it is easy to maintain in good condition, you probably do not know much of its characteristics and needs. If you want to delve into the care of the trunk of Brazil, the problems that may arise and the possible solutions, in a info-grinik we recommend that you continue reading this article.
Characteristics of the trunk of Brazil
Before we go on to explain how the trunk of happiness is taken care of, let’s start by knowing its characteristics:
- As the name suggests, the trunk of Brazil (also known as water stick, stick of Brazil or trunk of happiness), is a plant of Brazilian origin.
- Its scientific name is Dracaena fragans Massageana and it is one of the classic indoor plants due to its vertical size and leaves.
- You can only see the flower of the trunk of Brazil in two moments of his life, this is one of the most curious characteristics.
- Its leaves are hanging and long, with a yellow stripe in the middle or on the sides.
- Regarding the trunk, it stands out for being thick and ring-shaped.
- The height of the trunk of Brazil grown indoors is around 2 meters, reaching in some cases up to 3 meters.
- Some familiar species of this plant grown outdoors are able to reach 6 meters in height.
Light, location and temperature
One of the cares that this plant needs, like any other, corresponds to that of the light it receives. The trunk of Brazil appreciates being in especially bright areas, so it will be interesting to place it next to or near a window in which a lot of light enters to grow well.
However, it is important that you avoid the direct impact of the sun on the plant in the hours when it is stronger, since it does not tolerate it too much. That is why the water stick is a good indoor plant or for outdoors in semi-shade or a weak sun area. Therefore, try to place it in areas where, without being very directly, the plant captures natural light. Discard dark places to prevent the leaves from acquiring a brown tone and gradually the plant cannot survive.
The trunk of Brazil needs to be in places of medium or high temperature: it does not support those below 14 ° C. In areas from 22 ° C to 26 ° C it is the best environment for it to grow, avoiding drafts around it.
Substrate and fertilizer
To plant the Brazilian trunk, you can use two types of substrate: one specific for green plants or a universal one. The substrate must be dry when you go to water the plant, at least a few cm thick. Try to keep it always moist, but without soaking it. For this, it is necessary that the substrate has a good drainage, has a mixture of the basic soil that we have already mentioned and some gravel, volcanic soil or other somewhat porous substrate at the bottom, to ensure that the drainage holes of the pot do not clog and the excess water can come out of the irrigation well.
Regarding the fertilizer for the trunk of Brazil, it should be noted that in the hot times of the year, that is, some months of spring and during the summer, you will have to add the fertilizer to the mixture of the soil, something easy if you transplant it from a pot, or add it diluted in irrigation water every two weeks.
Another important aspect of care is to know how the Brazilian stick is watered. This plant cannot be watered excessively, that is, it is not advisable to waterlogged it. The ideal frequency is fingers a week in summer time and very warm climates. In colder stages, such as winter, you can water the plant once a week or every 10 days.
To detect if you have an urgent need to be watered, look at the top layer of the substrate: when it is dry a few centimeters deep, you will have to water it immediately. Remember that the Brazilian stick appreciates moisture: spray the leaves with water twice a week when it no longer gives it sunlight.
Pruning and reproduction
The best seasons of the year to prune the stick in Brazil are autumn and spring. When you do, remove all the parts that are in bad condition, as well as some that you think have grown too much. At this time you can also take the opportunity to reproduce this plant, if you want to have more like this or give them to someone.
But how does the trunk of Brazil reproduce at home? It reproduces in two ways: through pruned trunks from which roots arise or by cuttings, from which after having them in a few days in water new roots will appear. In addition, every two years, you can transplant it into larger pots as its size increases.
Brazil trunk with yellow leaves
Sometimes, the trunk of Brazil has some problems that in a HOWTO we will help you solve. One of them is that of the yellow leaves: it acquires this color as a symptom of excessive irrigation or excess direct sunlight. To solve it, you will have to place the plant a little further away from the window or in a semi-shade place and always wait for the substrate to dry between irrigation and irrigation.
Remember that you must water the plant at least twice a week in summer and once a week in winter, as well as make sure that it has good drainage so that it does not waterlogged.
Brazil trunk with dry tips
Another problem that can arise in a stick in Brazil is that of having leaves with dry tips. There are several factors why this problem occurs in the leaves:
- Excess heat or direct sun.
- Shortage of water in the substrate.
- Very low ambient humidity.
- Excess air current.
The solution to this setback is simple. When you see that the leaves of this plant begin to dry, try to comply with the irrigation times that the plant needs and locate it in areas of indirect sun and without large drafts.
Pests and diseases of the trunk of Brazil
To finish talking about the care of the water stick or stick of Brazil, we talk about the following pests and diseases that the trunk of Brazil can suffer and the remedies for each type of pest:
- Piglets: they are lyche-shaped insects found in the leaves and stems of the plant. They cause deformations and the loss of color of these parts of the plant. To eliminate these insects, use a damp brush with soap and water or with some specific insecticide against mealybugs.
- Red spider: it is a red mite that feeds on the cells present in the leaves. It generates fabrics to move between the leaves and feeds in those areas. Therefore, cobwebs and yellow spots are some of the symptoms caused by this pest in plants. To eradicate this mite, apply chlorpyrifos, an insecticide that helps control insect pests.
- Aphid: they are parasites that feed on new leaves and floral buds. It weakens the plant favoring the appearance of fungi and the loss of color. To eliminate them, put yellow adhesive and chromatic traps to kill the aphid, use specific insecticides or try these Home Remedies against aphid.
- Septoriosis: it is a fungus that generates gray spots on the leaves of the plant. To eliminate this fungus, use a systemic fungicide.