How to reproduce the Christmas cactus
Christmas cactus, Easter cactus, winter cactus, Santa Teresa cactus or Santa Teresa feathers, whose scientific name is Schlumbergera, blooms in the winter months, especially at the Christmas season. It is simple to grow and, over time, takes a hanging shape and the flowers of the Christmas cactus appear at the end of the stems and can be pink (the most frequent), white, red, yellow and orange. If you want to have a Christmas cactus at home, it is important that you know everything about the plant to know how to take care of it. This way, you can keep it alive for as long as possible. In addition, if you are interested in having more of these plants from the one you already have, that is, if you want to multiply the Christmas cactus, you will have to learn how to do it correctly to succeed.
To discover how to reproduce the Christmas cactus, the best time to try it and the basic care it needs, in a info-grinik we recommend that you continue reading this practical article.
When to reproduce the Christmas cactus by cuttings
The reproduction of the Christmas cactus plant can be done by seeds or cuttings. The best season to make the cuttings of this plant is spring, because frost must be avoided, since they are fulminant for the health of the plant.
Christmas cactus cuttings can also be made in summer and, in the case of living in a territory without extreme temperatures and with a pleasant climate, it is also possible in autumn. However, whenever possible, opt for multiplication of the Christmas cactus in spring, it will be safer.
How to play the Christmas cactus step by step
We come to the part that interests us most in this article: how to reproduce the cactus of Santa Teresa? Play the Christmas cactus easily and effectively by following these steps:
- Cut the segments of healthy leaves of the plant. They must be strong and healthy to make it easier for them not to have many problems during multiplication and get ahead.
- Let the segments dry for an entire day placed in a dry place and without direct contact with sunlight. There are those who think about putting the cuttings of the Christmas cactus in water, but at first it is not convenient.
- After 24 hours of drying, plant the segments in different pots. You have to nail them vertically with substrates such as pomice or vermiculite and with a little moisture.
- Within approximately two weeks the Easter cactus will take root and in a couple of months it will have new shoots.
Another trick about how to multiply the Christmas cactus is to impregnate the base of the cutting or segment with rooting hormones before proceeding to plant it in a pot. These hormones can be powdered, although you also have the option of using a homemade rooter. Thus, there will be more chances of success for it to produce its own roots.
How to take care of the Christmas cactus
After discovering how the Christmas cactus reproduces, in a info-grinik we give you the following tips to take care of the Easter or Christmas cactus properly:
- If you place the plant outside, there must be a semi-shade area in which it does not have direct contact with the sun’s rays. If you place it inside the home, put it in a bright room without drafts.
- The ideal frequency of irrigation in winter is once a week and 2-3 times in the rest of the year for each week. Still, try to make the substrate completely dry before watering the Christmas cactus again.
- Natural substrates such as pomice are the most recommended if you plant the Easter cactus in a pot, although they also serve universal substrates combined equally with perlite. If planted in a garden, the soil must have efficient drainage so that the roots do not rot.
- The plant must be fertilized throughout the year, but especially when summer begins. The best fertilizer is the liquid and specific for cactus. Follow the recommendations indicated on the product packaging to avoid a fertilizer overdose.
- To prune the Christmas cactus, use scissors disinfected with disinfectant or alcohol. Reduce the stems as much as you think appropriate. In case of pruning more than the bill there is no problem because the plant will sprout again. Spring is the ideal season for pruning.
- The Easter cactus does not tolerate frost or cold. Being a plant of tropical origin, it must be kept at a minimum temperature of 15oC. If you protect it properly, it could resist 0 degrees, but it will surely suffer significant damage.
- As for the pests that endanger the health of the plant, it is worth highlighting its resistance although slugs and snails eat the stems and seriously harm its health. Use natural and home remedies, such as beer to move these animals away from the winter cactus.
- Regarding the diseases that it can suffer, it is important to keep track of the risks and avoid spraying the leaves. Moisture weakens the plant to the point that any fungus or virus is able to kill it. If you overwater it or go through a heavy rainy season, treat it with fungicides such as sulfur powder or copper by applying them to the substrate.
- In addition, if you want to know more about Christmas cactus cultivation and its care, it is also important that you know some of the most common problems it may have. Among the problems of the Christmas cactus, it stands out how easy it can be to find it with wrinkled leaves, a symptom that something happens to it and that some aspect of the care we give it must be corrected.