How to dehydrate apples
Dehydrating is a very old technique, which consists of eliminating most of the water contained in food in order to preserve it. This method is very advantageous, since the loss of vitamins is much less than in other techniques. In addition, foods acquire a more intense flavor, due to the concentration of natural sugars. Best of all? Dehydrating fruits or vegetables helps you enjoy them throughout the year without the need for any preservative.
For this reason, in a info-grinik we share with you how to dehydrate apples at home. You can take advantage of dehydrated apples in preparations such as cereals, cookies, puddings, brownies, truffles (brigadeiros), Christmas cakes, snacks, etc. In addition, it will help you to decorate cakes, cheesecakes, salads, toast, smoothies, rice pudding, mugcakes, cloud bread, or simply to taste as a healthy snack.
How to dehydrate apples in the oven
Using the oven to dehydrate apples quickly could be considered the most comfortable way to do it, although it has a disadvantage: ovens cannot reach temperatures below 70-80 ° C; unlike dehydrators that handle temperatures that can drop to 40-55 ° C.
If the lowest temperature of your home oven is very high, two things can happen: the fruit burns or the drying time is accelerated and vitamins and enzymes are lost. However, as in everything related to cooking, applying some tricks, we will learn how to dehydrate apples step by step in the oven without any problem:
- Buy ripe and quality apples. Avoid green, bruised or too ripe apples.
- Preheat the oven to the lowest temperature it can reach (70 ° C or 80 ° C), although the ideal temperature would be 54 ° C.
- Wash your hands very well, as well as the utensils you will use.
- Prepare a bowl with water and 1 tablespoon of baking soda. Dip the apples in the container and let them rest for 15 minutes. After that time, take advantage of the same water and rub them gently with your hands. Finally, rinse them under the faucet to remove the solution.
- Dry them very well with absorbent paper or a very clean towel.
- Cut the apples into very thin slices. Use a mandolin or, if you don’t have one, a sharp knife. In the latter case, be very careful when manipulating it. Remember, the pieces need to be very thin, because this way they dehydrate more easily. On the other hand, each piece must have as even a cut as possible so that they dry uniformly.
- Arrange the slices on a tray covered with baking paper. Distribute the slices leaving space between them for heat to circulate properly.
- Sprinkle the pieces with spices (optional). If you feel like it, add some spice powder, for example: cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves, among others. Another option would be to add the spices after the dehydration process.
- Bake for 90 minutes leaving the oven door ajar so that the fruit gradually dehydrates. The opening should be about 5 centimeters.
- After that time, take out the tray, flip the apple slices and return the tray to the oven. The time we suggest is approximate, you must adapt it to your oven. In addition, you must consider the thickness of the pieces, the humidity in the environment and the humidity of the fruit.
- Bake for 60 minutes more or until the slices are dry. Check that the fruit is in its point, taking out a piece and cutting it in half to detect if it still has traces of moisture. You must feel dry and flexible inside and out. If to the touch it is fragile, time has passed. If it is wet, it lacks exposure to heat.
- Let the pieces cool to room temperature. Once cold, keep them in a previously sterilized glass jar.
If you use dehydrator instead of oven, the dehydration time of the apple pieces could last approximately 5 hours, at a temperature of 54 ° C. Of course, you need to take into account the humidity of the place, and the thickness of the pieces and the power of the artifact, since all this will influence time.
How to dehydrate apples in the sun
This ancestral technique to dehydrate apples naturally is accessible as long as you have a place where you can expose the pieces to the sun (in a climate that oscillates around 40 °C). Among its disadvantages, they stand out: the drying time subject to climate variability and the exposure of the food to external elements, so sometimes it is not very hygienic.
Despite the above, many people continue to use this procedure, as it is an economic and ecological alternative. So if you want to learn how to dehydrate apples in the sun, simply follow the following easy steps:
- Purchase ripe apples at their point.
- Wash your hands very well. Do it for at least 15 seconds to make it effective. Also, wash the utensils you will use.
- Wash the apples and dry them very well. Preferably use absorbent paper to dry them.
- Slice the apples into very thin slices. Use a mandolin or a sharp knife. If possible, try to make each piece have an even cut. In the same way, all slices must be very similar to each other.
- Distribute the pieces over a grid. They serve oven racks or a metal or plastic fabric that you can adapt to serve as a grid.
- Arrange them leaving space between them. The priority is to ensure that heat circulates properly.
- Cover it with mosquito net fabric. This prevent insects from contaminating apple slices. If possible, arrange the fabric so that it does not touch the slices, just protect them.
- Flip the slices at least 1 or 2 times a day. It will be even better if you can flip them every 3-6 hours.
- Pick up the grids at night. In this way, you prevent the fruit from coming into contact with the humidity that is produced at night, as well as with certain animals. The next day, put the grids back from very early on.
- The drying time will be between 1-3 days. This may change depending on weather conditions (humidity, rain, etc.).
- Remove the product ready. You will know that the apple slices are in their point when they have no trace of moisture. Cut a piece and check it out.
- Store the pieces in a sterilized glass jar. Label the packaging by affixing the date and name of the product. Store the bottle in a dry and dark place.
You can also use a solar dehydrator. The process will be more hygienic and you will have better heat control. There are many model options on the market if you plan to dehydrate fruits and vegetables on a regular basis.
In addition to fruits and vegetables, you can also dry the plants to take advantage of their benefits.
How to dehydrate apples in microwaves
If you want to enjoy delicious dehydrated pieces of apple, but don’t want to wait long hours, you will do better with this express method if you want to know how to dry apples. The microwave provides us with the fastest option to dehydrate apples, although you must be careful, because that same speed can burn the fruit. Follow the steps below so you know how to dehydrate fruits in the microwave without problems and enjoy some quick apple chips:
- Buy ripe and quality apples.
- Wash your hands and kitchen utensils.
- Wash the apples, dry them and, optionally, peel them.
- Cut them into very thin strips. If you cut the apples with mandolin, it would be ideal. If you use a knife, try to achieve a thickness between 0.5 cm and 1 cm.
- Distribute the apple slices, on a special microwave plate (or on the glass of it). Don’t put them on top of each other and separate them from each other.
- Select the thaw function. Otherwise, the pieces will burn.
- Schedule the time for approximately 30-45 minutes. Apply 10-minute time intervals. Make sure at each interval if the wheels are drying evenly, and turn them over. In many cases, 30 minutes are enough, but it all depends on the power of your microwave. For this reason, if you notice that the slices are almost dry, start applying intervals of seconds, instead of minutes.
- Check that the fruit is at its point. Take out a piece, cut it and verify that it has the following characteristics: flexible to the touch and without any trace of moisture.
- Once ready, let the apple wheels cool to room temperature.
- Store them in a sterilized glass jar, once cold. Identifies the bottle with a date of packaging and the name of the product.
If you want to read more articles similar to How to dehydrate apples, we recommend that you enter our Food and Drink category.
- A well-dehydrated fruit, it has a flexible consistency and a leather-like texture.
- If the dehydrated fruit was overexposed to heat, it is fragile to the touch, and loses its nutrients.
- Store the jar with dehydrated fruit, in a dry and dark place.
- This product could last 6 months, and even longer, if it is kept tightly closed.
- This type of food should be hydrated, before being used.