How bedbugs reproduce
Have you heard of bedbugs? These small insects feed on the blood of animals and humans through a bite. Their appearance is oval and brown and they usually live in any temperate area of the planet, although especially they tend to have a greater presence in the bedroom, so they are popularly known as bedbugs. Although the main damage that these insects can produce are annoying bites, their persistence in the bedroom can end up producing sleep disorders and certain psychological damage, so it is essential to get rid of pests immediately.
Next, in a info-grinik we want to discover how bedbugs reproduce so you know how to eliminate these parasites at home quickly and effectively. Take note!
Why do bedbugs appear?
If you have woken up with hives, redness or annoying stings, there may be bedbugs in your bed. But why do bedbugs appear? The reasons can be diverse. Although it is a plague that, in the past, was associated with lack of hygiene, today they are not only in unhygienic places, but their wide spread is related to globalization and the fact that we move more and more around the world, both ourselves and our objects. Bedbugs are parasites that we can carry in luggage, clothes, in bed or box spring, on wooden supports, sofas or antique or second-hand furniture.
Bedbugs usually appear in the bedroom, especially in bed, between seams and mattress labels, your favorite place to hide. Therefore, they usually act while we sleep and we are aware of their stings when we wake up. Their bites cause red hives that cause a great and intense sensation of itching.
How is the reproduction of bedbugs?
Bedbugs are insects that show their greatest activity while we sleep, in order to find food. Bedbugs walk on exposed skin injecting a local anesthetic substance with their saliva and sucking small amounts of blood, their staple food. Although we don’t usually notice the bite itself, they do leave their trace through the large reddish hives and the intense itching.
But how do bedbugs reproduce? Each female lays 5 to 7 eggs weekly, for 18 weeks, and feeding correctly and continuously during all this time they could lay between 200 and 500 eggs in their entire life, that is, in a year. Once you have laid the eggs, the incubation period of the bedbugs begins, which usually lasts about 10 days. After this time, the bedbug is ready to come out of the shell and start its life cycle. The development of bedbugs is concentrated between 2 and 4 months from birth. During this time bedbugs go from being an egg to an adult bedbug going through various phases in which they vary their size during five stages.
Bedbug life cycle and reproduction
To understand how bedbugs reproduce, it is necessary to know in depth their reproduction cycle and their life cycle, which has five differentiated stages:
- The beginning of the life of a bedbug begins as an egg, the size of a grain of rice, approximately.
- After 10 days of incubation, the egg becomes what is known as a nymph, that is, the smallest version of what will be the adult bedbug.
- The nymph goes through 5 phases before becoming an adult and mature bedbug. In each of these stages its size varies and its shell changes.
- When the nymph is already an adult bedbug, she can start mating. The process of reproduction of these parasites is known as traumatic insemination, that is, the male breaks the shell of the female to introduce his sperm into one of its body cavities. The sperm of the male bedbug travels through the female’s body until it fertilizes its eggs.
- Once the male has injected the sperm into the female and fertilized her eggs, she can already start laying eggs, that is. He will do it for 6 to 8 weeks, during which time they will need to create new fertile eggs. Then you can mate again with a male bedbug and continue laying eggs for a few more weeks, so continuously about a year, time that bedbugs usually live.
Mating of bedbugs
As we have pointed out previously, bedbugs mate through a process known as traumatic insemination. This is the mating method that many types of insects have in common and consists of the following:
- The male bedbug is placed on top of the female to begin mating.
- It crosses the exoskeleton of the female with a part of her body called edeago, this long and sharp reproductive organ performs the same function of the penis of other species.
- Through it, the male introduces sperm into the hemocoel, the abdominal cavity of the female, from where he travels through his body through the blood flow to the ovaries, where he will fertilize his eggs.
- The mating of bedbugs can occur at any time, that is, they do not have a specific mating season. However, this does not mean that the eggs are fertilized on the spot, but that the female will distribute the stored sperm to lay eggs at the time she decides to do so. Thus, the female bedbug after an injection of sperm by the male can store it so that reproduction can continue without the need for a new mating between them.
Since the female does not need a mating every time she lays an egg, the bedbug can create numerous pests in different places, since it can move and start a new infestation.
Where do bedbugs lay their eggs?
Bedbugs do not lay eggs anywhere, they are usually very selective in this process. His favorite places to lay eggs are:
- Under the mattress.
- Underneath nearby furniture, such as the headboard of the bed or the wooden support of the mattress.
- In the wooden furniture of any room.
- In cracks in the wall.
- Inside electrical outlets.
Even if the females leave their eggs anywhere in these, it does not mean that they take refuge there. Generally, they tend to get as far away from home to lay eggs, thus generating new bedbug infestations. Also, keep in mind that in no case will bedbugs lay eggs in other living beings, because for them they are only part of their diet and source of their nutrition.
How to eliminate bedbugs quickly with home remedies
If you have found a plague of bedbugs in your home, it is time to get to work to eliminate it quickly with the following home remedies:
There is no more popular method to eliminate bedbugs than by vacuuming. Thanks to this device you will be able to access cracks or spaces in which bedbugs, insects and mites usually hide, to eradicate them.
The use of steam can be effective in eliminating bedbugs, since these parasites do not have the ability to withstand high temperatures. Get a vaporizer and apply hot steam at more than 48 ° C on the mattress, curtains, bedding or any other furniture in the room.
Isopropyl alcohol, known as isopropanol, is a very effective remedy against bedbugs, since they do not support acids. Place the acid in a bottle or spray and spray it through the areas of the bed where bedbugs can hide. Remember to let the mattress aerate for a few hours to prevent the smell of alcohol from permeating in it. This process should be repeated weekly (every 6 or 7 days) to completely eradicate the pest.
The strong aroma of cloves is effective in repelling bedbugs. Use clove oil to keep bedbugs away from you.
Cleaning and disinfection is essential to prevent any pest from appearing in the room. Frequently clean the spaces in your home, especially the bedroom. We also recommend changing the sheets at least twice a month, avoiding placing the bed near other furniture or glued to the wall and regularly observing the legs of the beds and the rest of the furniture to check if the bedbugs have inhabited it.
In case none of these remedies work, do not hesitate to call a professional to eliminate the pest by using pesticides for complete disinfection.
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